The project “Conservation and reconstruction of the Oasis Ecosystem of Loiyangalani” (project to combat desertification and for water resources management funded by European Union) was carried out by Water Right Foundation and Vétérinaires Sans Frontières (partner Marsabit County and Nanyori Group).
In the research phase, the project was funded by the Water Right Foundation, with a multidisciplinary team, which analysed the phenomenon of erosion of the Oasis and identified effective actions to combat and reverse the phenomenon.
The project has set itself the objective of
- reconstructing the Oasis and its vegetation,
- creating new resources for foddering livestock,
- increasing the possibility of access to water,
- involving the population, including through productive forestation,
- carrying out an adequate tutoring and training course.
Climate change, desertification, increasing poverty and migration are closely interlinked.
The project, carried out in the Loiyangalani area, is basically a project to combat desertification and the effects of climate change.
What is happening in these areas reflects the climatic changes in many areas of the Planet: the identification of techniques and approaches that can be used in further projects in other areas is, therefore, of great importance.
The methodological approach and the use of traditional technologies have been suggested by good practices implemented in other projects, promoted by the UNCCD – United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
The changeover in the management of the structures set up has aimed to ensure the continuity of the project by local populations, assisted by local associations such as the Nanyori Group, and institutional partners such as Marsabit County and local authorities.
A Water Right Foundation office in Loiyangalani has been set up for the management and monitoring phases, working in conjunction with the Offices of Vétérinaires Sans Frontières and other partners (Wrf Project Officer: James Nakulo).
SOIL STUDIES – During the various missions from 2011 to 2015, the distribution and characteristics of the soils within the Oasis were studied. Ground surveys, excavation of profiles, sections that visually describe the soil normally up to the depth reached by the roots, sampling and laboratory analysis, were employed to establish some physico-chemical parameters and identify the most effective types of intervention.
GROUND MAP – A map of the distribution of the different types of soil within the Oasis has been created, which has made it possible to understand which areas are the most suitable for the crops to be introduced.
- Lorenzo Vallerini – Architect, scientific coordinator and project manager
- Piero Magazzini – Agronomist
- Marco Folini – Geologist
- Paolo Altemura – Chemist
- Marco Mazzoni – Chemist
- Alfonso Falqui – Water Right Foundation Project Area Manager
- James Nakulo – Wrf Project Officer